CongressHouse FloorSenate Floor • U.S. Capitol: 202-224-3121

May 31, 2007

House Next Week - S. 5: Embryonic Stem Cell Research

AP: Dems Plan Vote on Stem Cell Research
Congress intends to send President Bush legislation next week to ease restrictions on federally funded embryonic stem cell research, inviting his second veto in as many years on the subject.

As was the case last year, Bush appears likely to make his veto stick. Several Democratic officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Wednesday that supporters of the bill appear to lack the two-thirds majority needed to override him.

We expect the House to take up S. 5 without amendment.
The bill would then go to President Bush for his veto.

2007 Votes:
The House passed its bill at the beginning of this year as part of the First 100 Hours. They also rejected a ban on human cloning 189-238.

2006 Votes - H.R. 810 (July 2006 Report):
Last year the House had first crack at the override attempt because they sent the House bill (H.R.) to President Bush.

This year, because the Senate is closer to have the 66 votes needed to override than the House (which needs 290), Congress is expected to send the Senate version.

Veto Preparation

The House would only vote to override a veto of a Senate-originating bill if the Senate actually voted to override the veto.

More on embryonic stem cell research.

May 29, 2007

Answers to Prayer!

Congress has concluded its third work period and left Washington for its Memorial Day recess. Before leaving, members passed a Fiscal Year 2008 Budget and the Iraq Supplemental including the minimum wage increase.

We have noticed several real answers to prayer for which we want to give God the glory.

Legislative Update: Answers to Prayer
  • Third Work Period Concluded
  • Major legislation Passed
  • Answers to Prayer in House
  • Fourth Work Period Preview
Segments: House Only Senate Only
Future Only House Senate

Visit your members of Congress this week during their Memorial Day recess.

May 28, 2007

Three More Motion to Recommit Successes

Previous Motion to Recommit Update
How these motions are useful to the minority

Minority Rights for Motions to Recommit Attacked, Defended

Won: H.R. 1585
Lost: H.R. 1427, H.R. 1100
Won: H.R. 2317, H.R. 2316

Republicans Score 13 Motion-to-Recommit Victories Over Democrats in First Five Months
Over the first five months, House Republicans have scored 13 legislative "motion-to-recommit" (MTR) victories, more than House Democrats were able to accomplish in their 12 year-stint in the minority (when they passed just 11).

Senate Votes - S. 1348: Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act (Unfinished)

White House direction:

May 12 Radio Address: Five Pillars of Comprehensive Immigration Reform
  1. continue our efforts to improve security at our borders
  2. hold employers to account for the workers they hire
  3. create a temporary worker program
  4. resolve the status of millions of illegal immigrants
  5. honor the great American tradition of the melting pot
May 19 Radio Address: The Agreement Explained

White House Counselor Challenges Democrats on Immigration Bill

S. 1348: Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007
A Last Gasp For Immigration Reform?

Discord on the Immigration Accord
Groups on Both Sides Plan to Challenge Senate Compromise

Bruising Battle Looms for Senate’s Immigration Bill
As the Senate prepared for a procedural vote at 5:30 p.m. that would launch its debate on a massive immigration overhaul, critics of the proposal continued to assail various elements of the bill.

Motion to Invoke Cloture on the Motion to Proceed
Passed 69-23
Immigration Compromise Faces New Opposition
Proposal Stays Alive, But Foes Lie in Wait


Amendments (GovTrack, Thomas)
Senators Seek 60-Vote Test for Contentious Immigration Amendments
Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., said today that a bipartisan effort is under way behind the scenes to keep an immigration overhaul moving through the Senate expeditiously. Reid said negotiators from both parties were working to produce a list of contentious amendments that give "heartburn" to one party or the other that could be addressed under a unanimous consent agreement requiring 60 votes for adoption.

Dorgan Amdt. No. 1153; To strike the Y nonimmigrant guestworker program.
Rejected 31-64
Proposal For Guest Workers Survives
A fragile Senate coalition backing an embattled overhaul of the nation's immigration laws survived its first legislative test yesterday, beating back an effort to strip a guest-worker program from the immigration bill.

Bingaman Amdt. No. 1169; To reduce to 200,000 the number of certain non-immigrants permitted to be admitted during a fiscal year.
Agreed to 74-24
Senate Scales Down Proposed Guest-Worker Program
The Senate slashed the size of a proposed guest-worker program for foreign laborers yesterday, dealing the first real blow to a fragile overhaul of the nation's immigration laws since it reached the Senate floor this week.

Akaka Amdt. No. 1186; To exempt children of certain Filipino World War II veterans from the numerical limitations on immigrant visas.
Agreed to 87-9

Coleman Amdt. No. 1158; To amend the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 to facilitate information sharing between federal and local law enforcement officials related to an individual's immigration status.
Rejected 48-49

Dorgan Amdt. No. 1181; To sunset the Y-1 nonimmigrant visa program after a 5-year period.
Rejected 48-49

Sanders Amdt. No. 1223; To establish the American Competitiveness Scholarship Program.
Agreed to 59-35

Vitter Amdt. No. 1157; To strike title VI (related to Nonimmigrants in the United States Previously in Unlawful Status).
Rejected 29-66

The Senate may resume consideration of this bill when it returns from its Memorial Day recess.

Rep. Deborah Pryce: Nations Have Borders for a Reason
Rarely does a day go by in the Congress where the term “Rule of Law” isn’t bandied about on the floor. While its overuse has made the term almost cliché, the Rule of Law effectively shields us from arbitrary governance and establishes civil order. It is the glue that keeps our social and political order intact because of its permanence and predictability. But under the Senate immigration package unveiled last week, the Rule of Law — as it applies to our nation’s sovereignty — would be significantly undermined.

Immigration tests Democrats' unity
The biggest threats to an immigration bill spearheaded by Massachusetts Sen. Edward M. Kennedy have come from within: Twice this week, senators from his own Democratic Party were poised to back amendments that could have killed the fragile compromise.

Conservative Democrats: Immigration and Rising Income Inequality
Rising inequality in the United States is linked to rising immigration, falling union membership and rising international trade according to economists.

Sojourners: Christians for Comprehensive Immigration Reform
The current U.S. immigration system is broken and now is the time for a fair and compassionate solution. We think it is entirely possible to protect our borders while establishing a viable, humane, and realistic immigration system, one that is consistent with our American values and increases national security while protecting the livelihood of Americans. The biblical principles above call us to support comprehensive immigration reform legislation.

WSJ: Save Our Cities
Immigrants have rescued Americans from urban blight.

Legal Immigration

EPPC: Fixing Immigration
The national debate over immigration took center stage last week as a group of Senators proposed the most significant immigration reform bill in decades. EPPC Fellow Yuval Levin, writing in the latest Commentary magazine, observes: "The heated arguments have had to do almost entirely not with America's immigration system per se but with the estimated half-million people who enter the United States illegally each year." Levin argues that more attention must be paid to the nation's badly broken legal immigration system, and proposes some reforms to improve it.

Immigration Agency Mired In Inefficiency
Last June, U.S. immigration officials were presented a plan that supporters said could help slash waiting times for green cards from nearly three years to three months and save 1 million applicants more than a third of the 45 hours they could expect to spend in government lines. It would also save about $350 million. The response? No thanks.

Votes - H.R. 2206: Iraq Supplemental

Previous Votes: H.R. 1591, More Recent House Votes

H.R. 2206
  • U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007
  • Agricultural Disaster Assistance and Western States Emergency Unfinished Business Appropriations Act, 2007
  • Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007
  • Small Business and Work Opportunity Tax Act of 2007

Amendments (GovTrack, Thomas)

Senate Action

Reid Amdt. No. 1123: Expressing the sense of the Congress that no action should be taken to undermine the safety of the Armed Forces of the United States or impact their ability to complete their assigned or future missions.
Motion to Invoke cloture Passed 94-1

House Action

H.Res. 438: Providing for consideration of the Senate amendment to H.R. 2206

On Ordering the Previous Question
Passed 221-199

On Agreeing to the Resolution
Passed 218-201

Concur in Senate Amendment with House Amendment No. 1
Passed 348-73

Concur in Senate Amendment with House Amendment No. 2
Passed 280-142

Senate Action

Motion to Concur in House Amdt. to Senate Amdt
Passed 80-14

What Passed

Congress Passes Deadline-Free War Funding Bill
Measure Includes Benchmarks for Iraqis

Congress passes $120 billion Iraq bill
The House and Senate Thursday night approved new funding for the war in Iraq through September, ending a months-long standoff with President Bush and triggering complaints from anti-war groups that Democratic congressional leaders had caved in.

RSC: A win for command-and-control economics
Democrats did not win in their effort to have Congress set artificial deadlines for ending the War in Iraq. ... Democrats were quite successful at including one of the centerpieces of their leftist, labor-controlled agenda: a massive increase in the federal minimum wage. President Bush has indicated that he will sign the war-funding bill that mandates that certain employers give their employees a 41 percent pay raise over the next two-plus years.

What Next

After Victory on Hill, President Shifts Tone on Iraq
By refusing to budge on demanding a no-strings-attached bill, Bush forced congressional Democrats to back off, at least temporarily, from their efforts to end the war by including conditions on a war funding bill. It was a sign that while Bush's popularity may be scraping historic lows, he still has some stick in Washington.

Democrats Vow to Fight Another Day on Iraq
Congressional Democrats, who largely owe their control of both chambers to the public’s dissatisfaction with the Iraq War, are set to send President Bush a war spending bill without a timeline for withdrawal of U.S. troops.

Democrats Set Stage for Next War Debate
Before deciding to blink in the long standoff over war spending and troop withdrawal, House Democrats convinced themselves President Bush is scoring only a short-term victory.

Democrats Prepare for Another Funding Battle
Antiwar Activists Target Financial Supporters, But Moves Are Afoot to Revive Withdrawal Efforts

Bush Likely to Lead Shift in Iraq Policy This Fall, McConnell Says
As President Bush prepared to sign a $120 billion Iraq War funding bill later today, House Democratic leaders vowed to keep up the pressure for a change of course in the war. The Senates top Republican predicted Bush himself would lead such a shift this fall.

House Votes - H.R. 2317, H.R. 2316 - Lobbying Reform

H.Res. 437:
  • Providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 2317) to amend the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 to require registered lobbyists to file quarterly reports on contributions bundled for certain recipients, and for other purposes and
  • providing for the consideration of the bill (H.R. 2316) to provide more rigorous requirements with respct to disclosure and enforcement of lobbying laws and regulations, and for other purposes.
Rep. Gingrey [R-GA]: "I thank my friend and former chairman, Mr. Dreier, for yielding. I rise in strong opposition to this rule to H.R. 2316. The Honest Leadership and Open Government Act I am not opposed to.

It's the rule that I am opposed to. When you have 48 amendments and five of them are made in order, this is not open government. This is not open process."

On Ordering the Previous Question
Passed 224-195

On Agreeing to the Resolution
Passed 224-197

H.R. 2317: Lobbying Transparency Act of 2007


Amendments (GovTrack, Thomas)

On Motion to Recommit with Instructions
(consideration: CR H5753-5755; text: CR H5753)
Passed 228-192
House Republicans Jolt Democrats on Lobbying Overhaul
Democrats who campaigned successfully last year against a “culture of corruption” in the Republican-controlled Congress found themselves one-upped today when more than 30 of their own members voted for a GOP motion to strengthen the package.
On Passage
Passed 382-37

H.R. 2316: Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007


Amendments (GovTrack, Thomas)

On Motion to Recommit with Instructions
(consideration, text: H5772-5773)
Passed 346-71
GOP Proposal to Strengthen Lobbying Reform, Close Loopholes
Today, House Republicans will offer a straightforward proposal – offered as a motion-to-recommit (MTR) on the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act (H.R. 2316) – to
  1. close the government lobbyist loophole by ensuring all registered lobbyists are subject to House ethics rules,
  2. close the revolving door for lobbyists-turned-staff members,
  3. shine more light on the earmark process by requiring lobbyists to report the earmarks for which they lobby, and
  4. require lobbyists to disclose contributions they’ve “bundled” together (per H.R. 2317, which passed the House earlier today), including contributions bundled to Political Action Committees—PACs (per the Republican motion-to-recommit on H.R. 2317, which the House also adopted).
On Passage
Passed 396-22

Tough Stand on Lobbying in House
Despite strong objections from many in their caucus, House Democratic leaders introduced lobbying legislation that would toughen restrictions on when former members can lobby Congress and would force disclosure of bundled political contributions.

Ethics Legislation Easily Passes House
Prodded by Democratic leaders and by freshmen elected partly on promises to clean up Washington, the House approved new ethics legislation yesterday that would penalize lawmakers who receive a wide range of favors from special interests, and would require lobbyists to disclose the campaign contributions they collect and deliver to lawmakers.

The Oversight Congress: Freshman hard-liners

Except when they're not

House Votes - H.R. 1100: Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site Boundary Revision

H.Res. 429: Providing for consideration of H.R. 1100

On Agreeing to the Resolution
Passed 228-198

H.R. 1100: Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site Boundary Revision Act of 2007


Amendments (GovTrack, Thomas)

On Motion to Recommit with Instructions
(consideration: CR H5666-5667; text: CR H5666-5667)
Failed 192-228

On Passage
Passed 268-150

House Majority Protects Ethics Violator

H.Res. 428: Raising a question of the priveleges of the House

On Motion to Table
Passed 219-189

Rogers Offers Reprimand of Murtha Over Earmarks Dispute; Expected to Be Tabled
As promised, Rep. Mike Rogers introduced a privileged resolution Monday evening calling for the reprimand of House Defense Appropriations Chairman John P. Murtha.

Democrats Break Promises on Reform, Laugh Off Ethics Troubles
Last night, Congressional Democrats voted to protect one of their Members from being reprimanded for violating House ethics rules. The Hill reports that during the vote, “several Democratic lawmakers joked and laughed with Murtha as they sat in the so-called Pennsylvania corner of the House floor.” According to the Politico, they didn’t have any problem laughing off their ethics troubles

House Votes - H.R. 1427: Federal Housing Finance Reform Act

H.Res. 404: Providing for consideration of H.R. 1427

On Agreeing to the Resolution
Passed 223-186

H.R. 1427: Federal Housing Finance Reform Act of 2007


Amendments (GovTrack, Thomas)

On Motion to Recommit with Instructions
(consideration: CR H5569-5571)
Failed 182-232

On Passage
Passed 313-104

House Tightens Reins on Fannie, Freddie
Bill Could Lose White House Backing Over Limits on New Housing Regulator

Congress Passes Fiscal Year 2008 Budget

Previous House Votes

S.Con.Res. 21: An original concurrent resolution setting forth the congressional budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2008 and including the appropriate budgetary levels for fiscal years 2007 and 2009 through 2012.


Amendments (GovTrack, Thomas)

House Votes

H.Res. 370: Providing for consideration of the concurrent resolution S. Con. Res. 21

On Agreeing to H.Res. 370
Passed 221-197

On Agreeing to S.Con.Res. 21
Passed 212-207

H.Res. 409: Providing for consideration of the conference report

On Ordering the Previous Question
Passed 224-193

On Agreeing to H.Res. 409
Passed 225-194

On Agreeing to the Conference Report
Passed 214-209

Senate Vote

On the Conference Report
Agreed to 52-40

Budget Deal Defies Bush on Domestic Spending
The House and Senate announced an agreement today on a $2.9 trillion fiscal 2008 budget plan that sets up a showdown with President Bush over domestic spending in areas such as education, housing and veterans programs.

White House Threatens Veto of Spending Bills Exceeding Bush’s Target
White House Budget Director Rob Portman warned congressional Democrats today that he will recommend that President Bush veto fiscal 2008 spending bills if they exceed the administration’s request.

House GOP Conservatives Seek to Back Up Bush’s Budget Veto Threats
As the House and Senate moved toward adoption of a fiscal 2008 budget resolution that paves the way for $21 billion more in discretionary spending than President Bush has requested, House GOP conservatives were rounding up signatures on a pledge to support vetoes of any spending bill exceeding Bush’s target.

RSC Update on Letter to Sustain Spending Vetoes
We only need 18 more signatures to get to 146, which is enough to sustain any veto if there are 435 Members present and voting.

House Votes - H.R. 1585: National Defense Authorization Act

Long-Term Defense Plans Conflict
Democrats will have a chance to craft a defense authorization bill this week that would substantially reorder the White House’s defense-spending blueprint for the coming fiscal year.

Democrats Put Their Stamp on Defense Programs
Two House Armed Services subcommittees significantly rearranged the president’s defense budget today, shifting billions of dollars to reflect the Democratic leadership’s priorities, not the White House’s.

H.Res. 403: Providing for consideration of H.R. 1585

On Ordering the Previous Question
Passed 225-198

On Agreeing to the Resolution
Passed 229-194

H.R. 1585: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008


Amendments (GovTrack, Thomas)
CQ Today Preview; Procurement Oversight

H.Amdt. 186: Andrews of New Jersey Amendment
An amendment numbered 8 printed in House Report 110-151 to prevent funds authorized in the bill for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan from being obligated or expended to plan a contingency operation in Iran.
Failed 202-216
White House Levels Veto Threat Against Defense Authorization; Iran Amendment Killed
Facing a presidential veto threat, House lawmakers Wednesday rejected an amendment to the fiscal 2008 defense authorization that would have blocked the use of war funds for contingency planning against Iran.

H.Amdt. 187: DeFazio of Oregon Amendment
An amendment numbered 14 printed in House Report 110-151 to clarify that no previously enacted law authorizes military action against Iran. It also prohibits funding authorized by the bill or in any other act from being used to take military action against Iran without specific authorization from Congress unless there is a `national emergency created by an attack by Iran upon the United States, its territories or possessions or its armed forces' (language taken directly from the War Powers Resolution, P.L. 93-148).
Failed 136-288

H.Amdt. 188: Woolsey of California Amendment
An amendment numbered 21 printed in House Report 110-151 to require the Secretary of Defense to issue a report on the continued use, need, relevance, and cost of weapons systems designed to fight the Cold War and the former Soviet Union.
Failed 119-303

H.Amdt. 193: Tierney of Massachussetts Amendment
An amendment numbered 30 printed in House Report 110-151 to reduce the $8.1 billion specified for Missile Defense Agency (MDA) activities by $1.084 billion from specified programs.
Failed 127-299

H.Amdt. 194: Franks of Arizona Amendment
An amendment numbered 11 printed in House Report 110-151 to increase by $764 million the amount authorized for ballistic missile defense.
Failed 199-226
Carrying on the Reagan Defense Legacy
With the National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 1585) on the floor this week, RSC Member Trent Franks (R-AZ) penned an excellent editorial featured on National Review Online.

H.Amdt. 196: King of Iowa Amendment
An amendment numbered 41 printed in House Report 110-115 to add language to section 1222 to explain that the bill's prohibition on the establishment of permanent military bases in Iraq should not be construed to prohibit the United States from establishing a temporary military base or installation by entering into basing rights agreements between the United States and Iraq. The amendment also states that Congress recognizes the United States has not established any permanent military installations inside or outside the United States.
Failed 201-219

H.Amdt. 197: Moran of Virginia Amendment
An amendement numbered 15 printed in House Report 110-151 to require the Office of the Secretary of Defense to submit a report identifying the current capacity at Department of Defense facilities in the United States to securely hold and try before a military commission the detainees currently held at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The report shall include the Department's estimated number of detainees that will be 1) charged with a crime, 2) subject to a release or transfer, or 3) held without being charged with a crime, but whom the Department wishes to detain. The report shall also describe actions required by the Secretary and Congress to ensure that detainees who are scheduled for release are released no later than December 31, 2007.
Passed 220-208

H.Amdt. 198: Holt of New Jersey Amendment
An amendment numbered 32 printed in House Report 110-151 to require the videotaping of interrogations and other pertinent interacti ons between U.S. military personnel and/or contractors and detainees arrested and held. Directs the Judge Advocates General of the respective military services to develop uniform guidelines for such videotaping. Provides access to detainees for representatives of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, and the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture for independent monitoring of detainee conditions and treatment.
Failed 199-229

On Motion to Recommit with Instructions
(consideration: CR H5351-5353; text: CR H5351)
Passed 394-30

On Passage
Passed 397-27

House Defies Veto Threats, Passes Fiscal 2008 Defense Authorization
The House today passed the largest defense authorization bill since World War II, ignoring White House veto threats against several provisions of the measure.

House Approves Cut to Army Modernization Plan
The House yesterday approved a 25 percent cut to next year's budget for an Army modernization program run by Boeing, despite protests from the service and the White House.

Abortion foes dodge military bullet

It appears liberals will not only concede placing a timeline for troop withdrawal from Iraq in the emergency defense spending bill, they will also concede loosening military abortion policy. One news report called the former "a significant concession to Bush and his Republican allies on Capitol Hill." The latter is equally significant.

Remarkably, despite a Democrat majority in the House, missing from the defense appropriations bill will be an amendment to fund military abortions overseas. What makes this remarkable is this will be the first year since 1996 liberals have not attempted to add this provision.

Also missing will be an amendment to make the Department of Defense pay for abortions in the case of rape or incest, which liberals have occasionally submitted through the years.

House Majority Relents on efforts to Silence Minority

Democrats, Tired of Losing, Change the Rules to Disadvantage Minority
The rule providing consideration for the FY 2008 budget conference report (on the floor tomorrow) is expected to modify current House rules to prevent PAYGO offsets from expanding the scope of germaneness to further what Republicans may offer in their Motions to Recommit (MTR).

In English, that means that Speaker Pelosi and the Democrat leadership are proposing a massive change to the current House rules regarding the Republican right to the motion-to-recommit bills to Committees for improvement.

This rules change is a historic infringement on the rights of the Minority-it is the first change in this House rule since 1822. The RSC Floor Action Team, under the leadership of Rep. Lynn Westmoreland, have requested a series of procedural votes every 30 minutes in response to this power grab by the Majority.

On Motion to Adjourn
Failed 161-253
[Wed, 16 May 2007 11:49:00 -0400]

On Motion to Adjourn
Failed 157-245
[Wed, 16 May 2007 13:00:00 -0400]

Quorum Call in Committee
397 present
[Wed, 16 May 2007 13:42:00 -0400]

On Motion that the Committee Rise
Failed 177-219
[Wed, 16 May 2007 13:51:00 -0400]

Quorum Call in Committee
393 present
[Wed, 16 May 2007 14:33:00 -0400]

On Motion that the Committee Rise
Failed 184-222
[Wed, 16 May 2007 14:42:00 -0400]

Quorum Call in Committee
407 present
[Wed, 16 May 2007 15:28:00 -0400]

On Motion that the Committee Rise
Failed 186-213
[Wed, 16 May 2007 15:38:00 -0400]

Quorum Call in Committee
403 present
[Wed, 16 May 2007 16:29:00 -0400]

On Motion that the Committee Rise
Failed 178-217
[Wed, 16 May 2007 16:38:00 -0400]

Quorum Call in Committee
398 present
[Wed, 16 May 2007 17:13:00 -0400]

On Motion that the Committee Rise
Failed 188-221
[Wed, 16 May 2007 17:23:00 -0400]

Stare Down is Over, GOP Wins in Early Rounds
Democrat Leadership responded to the protest votes (after about 4 hours) and pulled the rule change from the bill.

RSC Condemns Democrat Power Grab
House Democrats, led by Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA), today sought to rewrite the rules of the House to prevent PAYGO offsets from expanding the scope of germaneness to further what Republicans may offer in their motions to recommit the bills to Committee. This change would allow House Democrats to more easily raise taxes and increase government spending without being held to account.

Former House Majority Leader Dick Armey Weighs in on Democrat Effort to Silence Minority
FreedomWorks Chairman and former House Majority Leader Dick Armey has commented on Speaker Pelosi and the Democrat Majority’s attempt yesterday to change a 185 year old House Rule.
After losing a string of embarrassing votes on the House floor because of procedural maneuvering, the Democrat leadership resorted to attempting to shut down the floor to the minority. This makes a mockery of her commitment to bipartisanship and civility.

There are few, if any, rights more fundamental in the House than this. I find it shocking that Speaker Pelosi would take the House to this level of autocracy.

In my eight years as Majority Leader, I cannot recall an instance when we denied the minority a chance to recommit a bill. This is a sad day for the House, for the spirit of comity and bipartisanship, and for our democracy.

This episode also demonstrates how important and effective procedural tactics are to the minority.

House Suspension Votes - Senate Legislation

S. 214: To amend chapter 35 of title 28, United States Code, to preserve the independence of United States attorneys
Passed 306-114

Cleared for White House.

S. 1104: To increase the number of Iraqi and Afghani translators and interpreters who may be admitted to the United States as special immigrants
Passed 412-8

In conference.

House Suspension Votes

H.R. 1124: To extend the District of Columbia College Access Act of 1999
Passed 268-100 - RSC Blog: DC Scholarships

H.R. 692: Army Specialist Joseph P. Micks Federal Flag Code Amendment Act
To amend title 4, United States Code, to authorize the Governor of a State, territory, or possession of the United States to order that the National flag be flown at half-staff in that State, territory, or possession in the event of the death of a member of the Armed Forces from that State, territory, or possession who dies while serving on active duty.
Passed 408-4

H.R. 916: John R. Justice Prosecutors and Defenders Incentive Act
Passed 341-73

H.R. 1700: COPS Improvement Act
Passed 381-34

H.R. 1773: Safe American Roads Act
Passed 411-3
Mexican Trucks’ Limited and Controlled Access to U.S. Roadways
Set additional conditions on a Bush administration plan to allow long-haul Mexican trucks access to U.S. highways.

H.R. 698: Industrial Bank Holding Company Act
Passed 371-16
Restrictions on Industrial Loan Charters
Block retailers such as Wal-Mart Stores Inc. and Home Depot Inc. from setting up their own banks.

H.R. 2264: No Oil Producing and Exporting Cartels Act “NOPEC”
Passed 345-72
HR 2264 would allow the Justice Department to sue members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries for colluding to set global oil prices.

Gas Prices too High? Dems say "Sue OPEC!"
The bill would authorize the U.S. Justice Department to file anti-trust lawsuits in any federal district court against the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and OPEC (or other such organization) could not claim immunity against such suits. No court could refuse to make a determination in such a lawsuit because it involves actions of foreign countries.

H.R. 2399: Alien Smuggling and Terrorism Prevention Act
Passed 412-0
Bill Would Boost Penalties for Smuggling Immigrants
The House passed legislation Tuesday that would increase penalties for knowingly bringing illegal immigrants into the United States or transporting and harboring them after arrival.

Passed by a vote of 412-0 under suspension of the rules, the measure (HR 2399) is aimed primarily at “coyotes,” people who sneak illegal immigrants across the U.S.-Mexican border and charge thousands of dollars per person.

H.R. 1252: Federal Price Gouging Prevention Act
Passed 284-141

Senate Votes - H.R. 1495: Water Resources Development Act

H.R. 1495: Water Resources Development Act


Motion to Invoke Cloture on the Motion to Proceed
Passed 89-7

Amendments (GovTrack, Thomas)

Coburn Amdt. No. 1090; To prioritize Federal spending to ensure the residents of the city of Sacramento are protected from the threat of floods before spending money to add sand to beaches in San Diego.
Failed 12-77
Senate Rejects Coburn’s Bid to Delay San Diego Beach Project
The Senate today overwhelmingly rejected an amendment by Tom Coburn, R-Okla., that sought to delay federal funding for a beach nourishment project in California — the home state of the Environment and Public Works chairwoman.

Coburn Amdt. No. 1089; To prioritize Federal spending to ensure the needs of Louisiana residents who lost their homes as a result of Hurricane Katrina and Rita are met before spending money to design or construct a nonessential visitors center.
Failed 11-79

Feingold Amdt. No. 1086; To establish a Water Resources Commission to prioritize water resources projects in the United States.
Failed 22-69

Kerry Amdt. No. 1094; To require the consideration of certain factors relating to global climate change.
Failed 51-42
Kerry, Feingold Seek to Prompt Global-Warming Debate With Water Bill
Two Democrats this week are planning to use a costly legislative package of water projects as the vehicle for the Senate’s first debate on global warming in the 110th Congress.

Feingold Amdt. No. 1098; To provide for a transition of the Iraq mission.
Motion to Invoke Cloture Failed 29-67

Warner Amdt. No. 1134; Relative to the President's strategy in Iraq.
Motion to Invoke Cloture Failed 52-44

Cochran Amdt. No. 1135; To express the sense of the Senate that Congress must send to the President acceptable legislation to continue funds for Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom by not later than May 28, 2007.
Motion to Invoke Cloture Passed 87-9

On Passage of the Bill
Passed 91-4

Water Resources Bill Headed to Conference After Senate Approval
The Senate passed a long-stalled bill to authorize billions of dollars in water resources projects, after sponsors mollified Louisiana senators and fiscal conservatives.

House Bills Enacted

The following bills have become law:

P.L. 110-21: To amend the Foreign Affairs Reform and Restructuring Act of 1998 to reauthorize the United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy

P.L. 110-22: Animal Fighting Prohibition Enforcement Act of 2007
To amend title 18, United States Code, to strengthen prohibitions against animal fighting, and for other purposes.

P.L. 110-23: Trauma Care Systems Planning and Development Act of 2007
To amend the Public Health Service Act to add requirements regarding trauma care, and for other purposes.

P.L. 110-24: Judicial Disclosure Responsibility Act
To amend the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 to extend the authority to withhold from public availability a financial disclosure report filed by an individual who is a judicial officer or judicial employee, to the extent necessary to protect the safety of that individual or a family member of that individual, and for other purposes.

P.L. 110-26: American National Red Cross Governance Modernization Act of 2007
To amend the Congressional Charter of The American National Red Cross to modernize its governance structure, to enhance the ability of the board of governors of The American National Red Cross to support the critical mission of The American National Red Cross in the 21st century, and for other purposes.

House ban on non-commercial air travel lasts 118 days

From CQ Today Midday Update:
The House has eased up on one of the restrictive ethics changes adopted at the start of the 110th Congress. By voice vote, the chamber ended a ban on traveling by non-commercial aircraft.

That rule had been imposed to take away an avenue of lobbyist largess, but it became a major irritant to lawmakers who fly their own private planes.

The new rule (H Res 363) was adopted with no debate during 39 seconds of procedural action just before midnight [May 2].

U.S. Senate Expresses 'Profound Concerns' in Venezuela

S.Res. 211: A resolution expressing the profound concern of the Senate regarding the transgression against freedom of thought and expression that is being carried out in Venezuela, and for other purposes.

Whereas, for several months, the President of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez, has been announcing over various media that he will not renew the current concession of the television station `Radio Caracas Television', also known as RCTV, which is set to expire on May 27, 2007, because of its adherence to an editorial stance different from his way of thinking;

Whereas President Chavez justifies this measure based on the alleged role RCTV played in the unsuccessful unconstitutional attempts in April 2002 to unseat President Chavez, under circumstances where there exists no filed complaint or judicial sentence that would sustain such a charge, nor any legal sanction against RCTV that would prevent the renewal of its concession, as provided for under Venezuelan law;

Whereas the refusal to renew the concession of any television or radio broadcasting station that complies with legal regulations in the matter of telecommunications constitutes a transgression against the freedom of thought and expression, which is prohibited by Article 13 of the American Convention on Human Rights, signed at San Jose, Costa Rica, July 18, 1978, which has been signed by the United States;

Whereas that convention establishes that `the right of expression may not be restricted by indirect methods or means, such as the abuse of government or private controls over newsprint, radio broadcasting frequencies, or equipment used in the dissemination of information, or by any other means tending to impede the communication and circulation of ideas and opinions';

Whereas the Inter-American Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression, approved by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, states in Principle 13, `The exercise of power and the use of public funds by the state, the granting of customs duty privileges, the arbitrary and discriminatory placement of official advertising and government loans; the concession of radio and television broadcast frequencies, among others, with the intent to put pressure on and punish or reward and provide privileges to social communicators and communications media because of the opinions they express threaten freedom of expression, and must be explicitly prohibited by law. The means of communication have the right to carry out their role in an independent manner. Direct or indirect pressures exerted upon journalists or other social communicators to stifle the dissemination of information are incompatible with freedom of expression.';

Whereas, according to the principles of the American Convention on Human Rights and the Inter-American Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression, to both of which Venezuela is a party, the decision not to renew the concession of the television station RCTV is an assault against freedom of thought and expression and cannot be accepted by democratic countries, especially by those in North America who are signatories to the American Convention on Human Rights;

Whereas the most paradoxical aspect of the decision by President Chavez is that it strongly conflicts with two principles from the Liberator Simon Bolivar's thinking, principles President Chavez says inspire him, which state that `[p]ublic opinion is the most sacred of objects, it needs the protection of an enlightened government which knows that opinion is the fountain of the most important of events,' and that `[t]he right to express one's thoughts and opinions, by word, by writing or by any other means, is the first and most worthy asset mankind has in society. The law itself will never be able to prohibit it.'; and

Whereas the United States should raise its concerns about these and other serious restrictions on freedoms of thought and expression being imposed by the Government of Venezuela before the Organization of American States: Now, therefore, be it

    Resolved, That the Senate--

      (1) expresses its profound concern about the transgression against freedom of thought and expression that is being attempted and committed in Venezuela by the refusal of the President of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez, to renew the concession of the television station `Radio Caracas Television' (RCTV) merely because of its adherence to an editorial and informational stance distinct from the thinking of the Government of Venezuela; and

      (2) strongly encourages the Organization of American States to respond appropriately, with full consideration of the necessary institutional instruments, to such transgression.

Senate Voice Votes

The following passed the Senate by Voice Vote.
The following have passed both chambers of Congress.

H.R. 1676: Native American Home Ownership Opportunity Act of 2007
To reauthorize the program of the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development for loan guarantees for Indian housing.

H.R. 1675: Preservation Approval Process Improvement Act of 2007
To suspend the requirements of the Department of Housing and Urban Development regarding electronic filing of previous participation certificates and regarding filing of such certificates with respect to certain low-income housing investors.

H.Con.Res. 128: Authorizing the printing of a commemorative document in memory of the late President of the United States, Gerald Rudolph Ford

H.R. 2080: To amend the District of Columbia Home Rule Act to conform the District charter to revisions made by the Council of the District of Columbia relating to public education.

H.Con.Res. 62: Supporting the goals and ideals of a National Children and Families Day, in order to encourage adults in the United States to support and listen to children and to help children throughout the Nation achieve their hopes and dreams, and for other purposes.

H.Con.Res. 121: Recognizing the benefits and importance of school-based music education, and for other purposes

House Voice Votes

The following passed by voice vote:

H.R. 2080: To amend the District of Columbia Home Rule Act to conform the District charter to revisions made by the Council of the District of Columbia relating to public education.

H.R. 2272: 21st Century Competitiveness Act of 2007
To invest in innovation through research and development, and to improve the competitiveness of the United States.
Proposed House Math-Science Omnibus Could Ease Conference With Senate
The House is set to pass a measure this week that would merge several bills designed to bolster U.S. global competitiveness in math and science.

H.R. 1525: Internet Spyware (I-SPY) Prevention Act of 2007
To amend title 18, United States Code, to discourage spyware, and for other purposes.
House Passes Anti-’Spyware’ Bill
The House today took a step toward cracking down on identity theft, passing a bill that would make it illegal to maliciously install spyware on someone’s computer.

H.R. 1615: Securing Aircraft Cockpits Against Lasers Act of 2007
To amend title 18, United States Code, to provide penalties for aiming laser pointers at airplanes, and for other purposes.

Dueling Slave Trade Resolutions

  • H.Res. 158
  • H.Res. 272

H.Res. 158: Encouraging the people of the United States, particularly the youth of the United States, to observe the 200th anniversary of the abolition of the British slave trade and remember the life and legacy of William Wilberforce, a member of the British House of Commons who devoted his life to the suppression and abolition of the institution of slavery, and to work for the protection of human rights throughout the world.

May 1, 2007.

Whereas in 1780, William Wilberforce was elected at the age of 21 years to the British House of Commons;

Whereas Mr. Wilberforce and his friends were active in at least 69 different projects focusing on issues such as prison reform, education, child labor conditions, animal cruelty, and the reformation of the culture;

Whereas Mr. Wilberforce was mentored and counseled by former slave trader and author of the hymn `Amazing Grace', John Newton, on the horrors of the slave trade;

Whereas at the time, 11 million human beings had been captured and taken from Africa to the Western hemisphere and forced into slavery and bondage;

Whereas at the time, the British Empire controlled the largest portion of the slave trade;

Whereas Mr. Wilberforce devoted his life to the suppression and abolition of the institution of slavery;

Whereas a dedicated group of like-minded reformers, the Clapham group, assisted, supported, and encouraged Mr. Wilberforce in his fight against the slave trade;

Whereas Mr. Wilberforce fought for 20 years in the House of Commons to pass legislation banning the slave trade;

Whereas on February 23, 1807, Britain passed a bill banning the slave trade;

Whereas Mr. Wilberforce helped inspire and encourage those who fought against slavery in the United States, including political leaders like John Quincy Adams, spreading a message of hope and freedom throughout America and the promise of the future;

Whereas Mr. Wilberforce labored 46 years to abolish the institution of slavery in the British Empire, ceaselessly defending those without a voice within society;

Whereas in 1833, Mr. Wilberforce was informed on his death bed that the House of Commons had voted to abolish slavery;

Whereas in 2006, the United States Department of State estimated that between 600,000 and 800,000 men, women, and children were trafficked across international borders;

Whereas the International Labour Organization estimates that there are more than 12 million people in forced labor, bonded labor, forced child labor, and sexual servitude around the world; and

Whereas the people of the United States, particularly the youth of the United States, are called upon to form clubs and groups dedicated to working against the modern slave trade, human trafficking, and the degradation of human dignity: Now, therefore, be it

    Resolved, That the House of Representatives--
      (1) commends to the people of the United States the example of William Wilberforce and his commitment to each and every person's human dignity, value, and freedom in observation of the 200th anniversary of the abolition of the British slave trade;
      (2) encourages the people of the United States, particularly the youth of the United States, to--
        (A) observe the anniversary of the abolition of the British slave trade;
        (B) reflect on Mr. Wilberforce's selfless dedication to the fight against slavery and his commitment to the neediest in society;
        (C) commit themselves to recognize the value of every person and to work actively against slavery in all its forms;
        (D) work to educate themselves and others to recognize that individuals who are subject to slavery and human trafficking are victims of those who traffick such individuals; and
        (E) form high school clubs and groups working against modern day slavery and the trafficking of persons; and
      (3) condemns to the highest degree all forms of human trafficking and slavery which are an assault on human dignity and of which Mr. Wilberforce would steadfastly resist.

H.Res. 272: Commemorating the 200th anniversary of the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade

May 1, 2007.

Whereas the United Kingdom outlawed slavery in 1807, recognizing that `the African Slave Trade, and all manner of dealing and trading in the Purchase, Sale, Barter, or Transfer of Slaves, or of Persons intended to be sold, transferred, used, or dealt with as Slaves, practiced or carried on, in, at, to or from any Part of the Coast or Countries of Africa, shall be, and the same is hereby utterly abolished, prohibited, and declared to be unlawful';

Whereas the transatlantic slave trade was the capture and procurement of Africans, mostly from West Africa, to the United States and the colonies that became the United States for the purpose of enslavement between the fifteenth and late nineteenth centuries;

Whereas the Middle Passage was the forced migration through overseas transport of millions of Africans to the Americas, many of whom suffered abuses of rape and perished as a result of torture, malnutrition, disease and resistance in transit and those who survived were sold into slavery;

Whereas during the transatlantic slave trade more than 12,000,000 Africans were transported in bondage from their African homelands to the Americas, and those born in the Americas estimating 1,200,000 men, women, and children who were displaced in the forced migration that was the domestic slave trade;

Whereas it is important to acknowledge that as a result of the slave trade, approximately 80,000,000 to 150,000,000 persons of African descent live in Latin America and the Caribbean, making them the largest population of persons of African descent outside of Africa;

Whereas the transatlantic slave trade is characterized as the largest forced migration in world history;

Whereas Africans' resistance to the transatlantic slave trade culminated in revolts--collective acts of rebellion--against slave ships and their crews during the Middle Passage and on the colonial plantations;

Whereas the institution of slavery which enslaved Africans, their progeny and later generations for life was constitutionally and statutorily sanctioned by the Government of the United States from 1789 through 1865;

Whereas slavery in the United States during and after British colonial rule included the sale and acquisition of Africans as chattel property in interstate and intrastate commerce;

Whereas the General Assembly of Virginia passed in 1619 `an act declaring the Negro, Mulatto, . . . slaves within this dominion, to be real estate and shall descend unto the heirs and widows of persons departing this life, according to the manner and custom of land of inheritance';

Whereas the Great Compromise of 1787, a compromise under which representation in the House of Representatives would be based on the population of each State, prompted the Three-Fifths Compromise, a compromise between the Northern and Southern States under which only three-fifths of the population of enslaved Africans would be counted for purposes of enumerating a State's representation in the House of Representatives;

Whereas the slavery that flourished in the United States constituted an immoral and inhumane dispossession of Africans' life, liberty, and citizenship rights and denied them the fruits of their own labor;

Whereas the treatment of enslaved Africans in the colonies and the United States included the deprivation of their freedom, exploitation of their labor, psychological and physical abuse, and destruction of their culture, language, religion, and families;

Whereas the 2001 World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia, and Related Intolerance, held in Durban, South Africa, declared the slave trade and slavery a crime against humanity;

Whereas the slave trade and the legacy of slavery continue to have a profound impact on social and economic disparity, hatred, bias, racism, and discrimination, and continue to affect people of African descent today; and

Whereas March 25, 2007, marks the 200th anniversary of the Slave Trade Abolition Act enacted by the British Parliament: Now, therefore, be it

    Resolved, That the House of Representatives--
      (1) recognizes the historical significance of the 200th anniversary of the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade to the world;
      (2) respects the memory of those who died as a result of slavery, including through exposure to the horrors of the Middle Passage and in revolt against and resistance to enslavement; and
      (3) should educate current and future generations about this crime against humanity by honoring its significance in United States history with appropriate programs and activities.

May 24, 2007

From Earmarking to Phonemarking

Washington Post: In the Democratic Congress, Pork Still Gets Served
When the new Democratic majority in the House of Representatives passed one of its first spending bills, funding the Energy Department for the rest of 2007, it proudly boasted that the legislation contained no money earmarked for lawmakers' pet projects and stressed that any prior congressional requests for such spending "shall have no legal effect."

Within days, however, lawmakers including Senate Majority Leader Harry M. Reid (D-Nev.) began directly contacting the Energy Department. They sought to secure money for their favorite causes outside of the congressional appropriations process -- a practice that lobbyists and appropriations insiders call "phonemarking."

May 11, 2007

House Motion to Recommit Success Update

A vote in the House, or any official lawmaking body for that matter, is not just a matter of recording a body's decision on something and the positions of its members.

The controlling party can wield a lot of influence by deciding what the institution is going to vote on (to help themselves and hurt their opponents) and what it is not going to vote on (to protect themselves and stifle their opponents).

Although the Democratic majority controls the agenda in the House, the Republican minority has found a way to reshape the majority agenda into a means of advance their own agenda or at least exposing any soft underbelly to majority legislation.

A procedural vote called the motion to recommit with instructions has this power to turn a bill from something the majority wants to vote on into something that the minority wants to vote on.

Since the last post here on the unprecedented record of winning seven successive motions to recommit, the Republican minority record is:

House Votes - H.R. 2082: Intelligence Authorization Act

H.Res. 388: Providing for the consideration of H.R. 2082

On Ordering the Previous Question
Passed 223-199

On Agreeing to the Resolution
Passed 226-198


On Holding A Secret Session
Failed 207-217

On Holding a Secret Session
Failed 198-216

On Motion to Table the Motion to Hold a Secret Session
Passed 219-199

H.R. 2082: Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008


Amendments (GovTrack, Thomas)

Hoekstra Amdt. No. 174: to strike section 407, which requires that a National Intelligence Estimate on global climate change be submitted to Congress.
Failed 185-230

Rogers Amdt. No. 177: to place a limit on the number of personnel in the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI).
Agreed to 297-122

Schiff Amdt. No. 182: to state that the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA) shall be the exclusive means by which domestic electronic surveillance for the purpose of gathering foreign intelligence information may be conducted, and makes clear that this applies until specific statutory authorization for electronic surveillance, other than as an amendment to FISA, is enacted.
Agreed to 245-178

On Motion to Recommit with Instructions
(consideration: CR 5/11/2007 H4907-4909)
Failed 181-241

On Passage
Passed 225-197

CQ Today: House Passes Intelligence Measure
Slashdot: Bill Bans NSA Eavesdropping

House Iraq Votes, Week of May 11

H. Res. 387:
  • Providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 2237) to provide for the redeployment of United States Armed Forces and defense contractors from Iraq,
  • providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 2206) making emergency supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2007, and for other purposes, and
  • providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 2207) making supplemental appropriations for agricultural and other emergency assistance for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2007, and for other purposes.
The House proposal would split the bill vetoed by the president into two pieces.
  1. A bill that includes the defense spending and other domestic spending from the vetoed bill.
  2. A bill that includes funding for the agricultural disasters package, wildfire suppression, Secure Rural Schools and Pacific Salmon as provided in the vetoed bill.
On Ordering the Previous Question
Passed 222-201

On Agreeing to the Resolution
Passed 219-199

H.R. 2237: To provide for the redeployment of United States Armed Forces and defense contractors from Iraq


On Motion to recommit with Instructions
(consideration: CR 5/11/2007 H4805; text: CR H4805)
Failed 210-218

On Passage
Failed 171-255

H.R. 2206: Making emergency supplemental appropriations for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2007, and for other purposes


On Motion to Recommit with Instructions
(consideration: CR 5/11/2007 H4865-4866; text: CR H4865)
Failed 195-229

On Passage
Passed 221-205

H.R. 2207: Making supplemental appropriations for agricultural and other emergency assistance for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2007, and for other purposes


On Motion to Recommit with Instructions
(consideration: CR 5/11/2007 H4878)
Failed 184-233 (RSC: PAYGO violation)

On Passage
Passed 302-120

News Reports:
House Approves Revised War Bill
The House last night pushed through its second plan to fund the Iraq war and reshape war policy, approving legislation that would provide partial funding for the conflict but hold back most of the money until President Bush reports on the war's progress in July.

House Democrats push through new war plan
House narrowly approves another $42.8 billion in defense spending for wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Supplemental Passes House
Including vote analysis

Waiting for the Senate
With votes on Iraq done with in the House of Representatives for now, all eyes turn to the Senate, which is not quite ready for all the attention.

Senate Votes - S. 1082: Prescription Drug User Fee Amendments

S. 1082: Prescription Drug User Fee Amendments


Amendments (GovTrack, Thomas)

Allard Amdt. No. 982: To strike provisions related to market exclusivity.
Rejected 41-53

Durbin Amdt. No. 1022, as Modified: To ensure the safety of human and pet food.
Agreed to 94-0

Dorgan Amdt. No. 990: To provide for the importation of prescription drugs.
Cloture Agreed to 63-28

Cochran Amdt. No. 1010: To protect the health and safety of the public.
Agreed to 49-40

Motion to Invoke Cloture on the Committee Substitute as Modified and Amended to S. 1082
Agreed to 82-8

Grassley Amdt. No. 1039: To clarify the authority of the Office of Surveillance and Epidemiology with respect to postmarket drug safety pursuant to recommendations by the Institute of Medicine.
Rejected 46-47

Grassley Amdt. No. 998: To provide for the application of stronger civil penalties for violations of approved risk evaluation and mitigation strategies.
Agreed to 64-30

Durbin Amdt. No. 1034: To reduce financial conflict of interest in FDA Advisory Panels.
Rejected 47-47

On Passage of the Bill
Passed 93-1

Washington Post: Senate Approves Bill On Drug Monitoring
The Food and Drug Administration would have to establish new systems to monitor the safety of medicines after they hit the market and for the first time could fine drugmakers for false or misleading advertising under a bill approved yesterday by the Senate.


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